June 24, 2019
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
Department of Health and Human Services Attention: CMS-11716-P
P.O. Box 8013
Baltimore, MD 21244-1850
RE: CMS–1716–P Medicare Program: Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems for Acute Care Hospitals and the Long-Term Care Hospital Prospective Payment System and Proposed Policy Changes and Fiscal Year 2019 Rates
To Whom It May Concern:
As participants in the Adult Vaccine Access Coalition (AVAC), we appreciate the opportunity to comment on the Medicare Program Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment proposed rule for Fiscal Year 2020.
AVAC consists of over 50 organizational leaders in health and public health that are committed to addressing the range of barriers to adult immunization and to raising awareness of the importance of adult immunization. AVAC works towards common legislative and regulatory solutions that will strengthen and enhance access to adult immunization across the health care system. Our priorities and objectives are driven by a consensus process with the goal of enabling the range of stakeholders to have a voice in the effort to improve access and utilization of adult immunizations.
One of our key coalition priorities is to advocate for federal benchmarks and quality measures to encourage improved tracking and reporting of immunization status that will result in increased adult immunization rates. Immunization quality measures are a crucial tool for health care quality improvement and have demonstrated effectiveness in increasing immunization rates.
Opportunities to assess the immunization status of Medicare beneficiaries for should be done by the range of clinicians who care for them, including primary care and specialty providers. Taking advantage of each and every patient encounter to ensure that counseling and education on vaccines, based on their age and health status, and a strong provider recommendation have been found to improve the likelihood of a patient being immunized. Published literature indicates that integrating immunization assessment and additional providers offering these critical preventive services will result in greater opportunities for immunization. The National Vaccine Advisory Committee’s (NVAC) Adult Immunization Standards call for all providers caring for adult patients to assess, recommend, vaccinate or refer, and document vaccinations.
Influenza Quality Measures.
The Department of Health and Human Services Strategic Plan FY 2018 –2022, the Department of Health and Human Services encourages the use of age appropriate vaccines to minimize the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases across the life span. Unfortunately, access to vaccines is not equal across a person’s lifespan. Despite the well-known benefits of immunizations, more than 50,000 adults die from vaccine-preventable diseases while adult coverage lags behind Healthy People 2020 targets for most commonly recommended vaccines: influenza, pneumococcal, tetanus, hepatitis B, herpes zoster, and HPV.
Preventing transmission of influenza and other infectious agents within inpatient hospital settings requires a multi-faceted approach since the spread of influenza can occur among patients, Health Care Professionals (HCP), and visitors. Quality measurement programs through Medicare play a critical role in promoting improved quality and encouraging adherence to the annual influenza vaccine.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends an annual influenza vaccination for all people age 6 months or older. Each year, influenza causes approximately 200,000 hospitalizations and an average of 36,000 deaths in the United States each year. A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) review of deaths associated with seasonal influenza between 1976 and 2007 found that 90 percent were among adults age 65 and older. According to a study in the Journal of Primary Prevention, this costs the United States about $8.3 billion or 54 percent of the total annual cost to treat vaccine- preventable diseases among US adults 65 and over. Influenza immunization measures help increase access and utilization of this important vaccine by patients and health care providers alike.
Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR)/ PPS-exempt Cancer Hospital Quality Reporting Program/Long-term Care Hospitals Quality Reporting Program (LTCHQRP).
We support the proposal to maintain the Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Personnel (NQF#0431). This measure plays a critical role in the CMS Quality Strategy as well as the National Quality Strategy in terms of influenza immunization efforts. Ensuring healthcare personnel vaccination adherence against influenza has been shown to improve patient safety and reduce disease transmission, which is essential for immunocompromised patients in the cancer hospital setting.
Empowering patients and caregivers with the ability to assess cancer hospitals based on this measure could ultimately result in improved outcomes for patients through lower complications. Data transparency of reported measures is an important tool for patients and families seeking to evaluate LTCH settings and an essential component in the identification and management of influenza outbreaks. We support public reporting LTCH QRP data on a CMS website, such as Hospital Compare and support the inclusion of the two above measures in this effort. Tracking vaccine status among health care workers has the ability to increase vaccination rates and reduce absenteeism among healthcare personnel.
Last year’s rule discussed CMS efforts to identify standardized patient assessment data that could be incorporated into assessment instruments across post-acute care settings. Streamlining adult immunization quality measures across health care settings remains an AVAC priority and supports this effort. Greater consistency in quality measurement tools will facilitate data exchange across health care providers as well as improve care coordination and ultimately patient outcomes. In that vein, preventing transmission of influenza virus within healthcare settings requires a multi-faceted, cross-cutting approach.
Social Risk Factors. AVAC coalition members are working on projects that seek to identify and enhance our understanding of coverage gaps and are developing pilot programs to test targeted solutions where these disparities currently exist. The proposed rule indicates that CMS continues to work with the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine on accounting for social risk factors in the Hospital IQR Program. We support the idea of future stratification of Hospital IQR Program data by race, ethnicity, geographic area, sex, and disability on Hospital Compare, as well as on potential future hospital quality measures that incorporate health equity. Additionally, we recommend that the data also be stratified by primary language. Together, this type of data will enable more accurate evaluation in coverage gaps and disparities, particularly among minority and vulnerable populations, and are essential to improving the impact of adult immunization efforts and expanding coverage.
New Measures. Lastly, AVAC supports the adoption of streamlined adult immunization composite measure to the QRPs outlined in this rulemaking. The HHS National Vaccine Program Office (NVPO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in collaboration with the National Adult Immunization and Influenza Summit Quality Working group have been instrumental in spearheading the development and testing of a new adult immunization composite measure (influenza, Td/Tdap, zoster and pneumococcal), along with measures for maternal immunization and end-stage renal disease patients. AVAC strongly supports the addition of an adult immunization measure that incorporates ACIP-recommended vaccines and we look forward to working with your office to support their widespread adoption. Adult composite measures provide a sound, reliable and comprehensive means to assesses the receipt of routine adult vaccinations recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). AVAC appreciates the work of NCQA, PQA and others to develop and test reliable measurement tools that will streamline the patchwork of existing adult immunization measures, reduce the reporting burden on providers, and provide meaningful data to the Medicare program on access to this important preventive service.
In the Value and Imperative of Quality Measures for Adult Vaccines, renowned vaccine experts explain how quality measures that capture and create incentives for appropriate adult vaccinations can prevent illness and death, reduce caregiving demands, save unnecessary healthcare spending, and set the foundation for healthy aging. There is evidence that a composite measure of the adult immunization schedule, such as those demonstrated by the Northwest Tribal Epidemiology Center and by the National Nursing Home Quality Care Collaborative, can improve patient health outcomes. Such a measure would put vaccination coverage rates into a larger context and encourage a more systematic approach for all vaccines.
We appreciate this opportunity to share our perspective on this proposed rule. Please contact an AVAC Coalition Manager at (202) 540-1070 or firstname.lastname@example.org if you wish to further discuss our comments. To learn more about the work of AVAC visit www.adultvaccinesnow.org.
Alliance for Aging Research
Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum
Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO)
Families Fighting Flu
Immunization Action Coalition
Infectious Diseases Society of America
National Association of County and City Health Officials
National Hispanic Medical Association
Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA)
The Gerontological Society of America
Trust for America’s Health
Vaccinate Your Family